#NetNeutrality |Keep the Internet Open |Justin Gamache®,B.S.,M.Ed

The discussion and facts about net neutrality weren’t because Netflix said “we were paying too much in bandwidth,” it was because certain companies like AT&T, Verizon, Comcast wanted complete and full power over your speeds. These companies wanted to throttle the speed of your internet, and required you to pay more for your service. Although, Netflix does support a free and open internet, there are companies that also support it as well. Take for example this website: vtinependentnewsroom.com we rely on a huge amount of traffic wants and needs equality. The information we provide here belongs to the free and open source, most of the information we do provide is because our Owner Justin Gamache®,B.S., M.Ed shares information or class assignments he completed from his college years. Those are free to read, but only can be shared with his permission or as long as you legally quote his work and words.

The free and open internet, such as NetNeutrality is: The principle that all Internet traffic should be treated equally.[15] Internet traffic includes all of the different messages, files, and data sent over the Internet, including, for example, emailsdigital audio files, digital video files, etc. According to Columbia Law School professor Tim Wu, the best way to explain network neutrality is that a public information network will end up being most useful if all content, websites, and platforms (e.g., mobile devices, video game consoles, etc.) are treated equally.[16] A more detailed proposed definition of technical and service network neutrality suggests that service network neutrality is the adherence to the paradigm that operation of a service at a certain layer is not influenced by any data other than the data interpreted at that layer, and in accordance with the protocol specification for that layer.[17]

Open Internet

The idea of an “open Internet” is the idea that the full resources of the Internet and means to operate on it should be easily accessible to all individuals, companies, and organizations. This often includes ideas such as net neutrality, open standardstransparency, lack of Internet censorship, and low barriers to entry. The concept of the open Internet is sometimes expressed as an expectation of decentralized technological power, and is seen by some observers as closely related to open-source software, a type of software program where the maker allows users access to the code that runs the program so that users can improve the software or fix bugs.[18]

Proponents of net neutrality see this as an important component of an “open Internet”, where policies such as equal treatment of data and open web standards allow those using the Internet to easily communicate and conduct business and activities without interference from a third party.[19] A “closed Internet” refers to the opposite situation, in which established persons, corporations or governments favor certain uses. A closed Internet may have restricted access to necessary web standardsartificially degrade some services, or explicitly filter out content. Some countries block certain websites or types of sites and monitor and/or censor Internet use using Internet police, a specialized type of law enforcement or secret police.

(Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Net_neutrality)

Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers and governments regulating the Internet must treat all data on the Internet the same, not discriminating or charging differentially by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or mode of communication.

The term was coined by Columbia University media law professor Tim Wu in 2003, as an extension of the longstanding concept of a common carrier, which was used to describe the role of telephone systems.[2][3][4][5]

A widely-cited example of a violation of net neutrality principles was when the Internet service provider Comcast was secretly slowing (a.k.a. “throttling”) uploads from peer-to-peer file sharing (P2P) applications by using forged packets.[6]Comcast didn’t stop blocking these protocols like BitTorrent until the FCC ordered them to do so.[7] In 2004, The Madison River Communications company was fined US$15,000 by the FCC for restricting their customer’s access to Vonage which was rivaling their own services.[8] AT&T was also caught limiting access to FaceTime, so only those users who paid for the new shared data plans could access the application.[9] In April 2017, an attempt to compromise net neutrality in the United States is being considered by the newly appointed FCC chairman, Ajit Varadaraj Pai.[10][11] On May 16, 2017, a process began to roll back Open Internet rules, in place since 2015. This rule-making process includes a public comment period that lasts sixty days: thirty days for public comment and thirty days for the FCC to respond.[12]

Research suggests that a combination of policy instruments will help realize the range of valued political and economic objectives central to the network neutrality debate.[13] Combined with strong public opinion, this has led some governments to regulate broadband Internet services as a public utility, similar to the way electricity, gas and water supply is regulated, along with limiting providers and regulating the options those providers can offer.[14]

(Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Net_neutrality)